Linode VPS折腾笔记-安装LNMP


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    LNMP一键安装包是什么?

    LNMP一键安装包是一个用Linux Shell编写的可以为CentOS/RadHat/Fedora、Debian/Ubuntu/Raspbian/Deepin VPS或独立主机安装LNMP(Nginx/MySQL/PHP)、LNMPA(Nginx/MySQL/PHP/Apache)、LAMP(Apache/MySQL/PHP)生产环境的Shell程序。同时提供一些实用的辅助工具如:虚拟主机管理、FTP用户管理、Nginx、MySQL/MariaDB、PHP的升级、常用缓存组件Redis、Xcache等的安装、重置MySQL root密码、502自动重启、日志切割、SSH防护DenyHosts/Fail2Ban、备份等许多实用脚本。

    都是复制过来的东西,下载地址和使用方法都在第一行的链接中,此处记录下来留存。
    安装LNMP

    wget -c http://soft.vpser.net/lnmp/lnmp1.3-full.tar.gz && tar zxf lnmp1.3-full.tar.gz && cd lnmp1.3-full && ./install.sh lnmp
    

    按上述命令执行后,会出现如下提示:

    需要设置MySQL的root密码(不输入直接回车将会设置为root)如果输入有错误需要删除时,可以按住Ctrl再按Backspace键进行删除。输入后回车进入下一步,如下图所示:

    询问是否需要启用MySQL InnoDB,InnoDB引擎默认为开启,一般建议开启,直接回车或输入 y ,如果确定确实不需要该引擎可以输入 n,输入完成,回车进入下一步
    选择MySQL版本,目前提供了较多版本的MySQL和MariaDB,需要注意的是MySQL 5.6,5.7及MariaDB 10必须在1G以上内存的更高配置上才能选择:

    输入对应MySQL或MariaDB版本前面的序号,回车进入下一步,选择PHP版本:
    注意:选择PHP7等高版本时需要自行确认是否与自己的程序兼容。

    输入要选择的PHP版本的序号,回车进入下一步,选择是否安装内存优化:

    可以选择不安装、Jemalloc或TCmalloc,输入对应序号回车,直接回车为默认为不安装。

    如果是LNMPA或LAMP的话还会提示“Please enter Administrator Email Address:”,需要设置管理员邮箱,该邮箱会在报错时显示在错误页面上。

    再选择Apache版本

    按提示输入对应版本前面的数字序号,回车。

    提示”Press any key to install…or Press Ctrl+c to cancel”后,按回车键确认开始安装。
    LNMP脚本就会自动安装编译Nginx、MySQL、PHP、phpMyAdmin、Zend Optimizer这几个软件。

    安装时间可能会几十分钟到几个小时不等,主要是机器的配置网速等原因会造成影响。

    如果显示Nginx: OK,MySQL: OK,PHP: OK

    并且Nginx、MySQL、PHP都是running,80和3306端口都存在,并提示Install lnmp V1.3 completed! enjoy it.的话,说明已经安装成功。

    添加虚拟主机参考:LNMP添加虚拟主机

    [root@li1473-187 ~]# lnmp vhost add
    +-------------------------------------------+
    |    Manager for LNMP, Written by Licess    |
    +-------------------------------------------+
    |              http://lnmp.org              |
    +-------------------------------------------+
    Please enter domain(example: www.lnmp.org): test.kokwind.net
    ======================================
     Your domain: test.kokwind.net
    ======================================
    Do you want to add more domain name? (y/n) n
    Please enter the directory for the domain: test.kokwind.net
    (Default directory: /home/wwwroot/test.kokwind.net): testweb
    Virtual Host Directory: testweb
    ===========================
    Allow Rewrite rule? (y/n)
    ===========================
    y
    Please enter the rewrite of programme:
    wordpress,discuz,typecho,sablog,dabr rewrite was exist.
    (Default rewrite: other):wordpress
    ===========================
    You choose rewrite=wordpress
    ===========================
    ===========================
    Allow access_log? (y/n)
    ===========================
    y
    Enter access log name(Default access log file:test.kokwind.net.log): testweb
    You access log filename: testweb.log
    ======================================================
    Create database and MySQL user with same name (y/n)
    ======================================================
    y
    Enter current root password of Database (Password will not shown):
    
    OK, MySQL root password correct.
    Enter database name: testweb
    Your will create a database and MySQL user with same name: testweb
    Please enter password for mysql user testweb: test1234web
    Your password: xxxxxxxxx
    
    Press any key to start create virtul host...
    
    Create Virtul Host directory......
    set permissions of Virtual Host directory......
    You select the exist rewrite rule:/usr/local/nginx/conf/wordpress.conf
    Gracefully shutting down php-fpm . done
    Starting php-fpm  done
    Test Nginx configure file......
    nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
    nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful
    
    Restart Nginx......
    Add database Sucessfully.
    ================================================
    Virtualhost infomation:
    Your domain: test.kokwind.net
    Home Directory: testweb
    Rewrite: wordpress
    Enable log: yes
    Database username: testweb
    Database userpassword: xxxxxxxxx
    Database Name: testweb
    Create ftp account: no
    ================================================
    [root@li1473-187 ~]# lnmp vhost list
    +-------------------------------------------+
    | Manager for LNMP, Written by Licess |
    +-------------------------------------------+
    | http://lnmp.org |
    +-------------------------------------------+
    Nginx Virtualhost list:
    test.kokwind.net
    [root@li1473-187 ~]#
    

    下载wordpress并安装,参考链接

    wget https://cn.wordpress.org/wordpress-4.7.2-zh_CN.tar.gzx
    tar -xzvf wordpress-4.7.2-zh_CN.tar.gzx
    

    下载完成后查看与改成testweb

    [root@li1473-187 wwwroot]# ls
    default  wordpress  wordpress-4.7.2-zh_CN.tar.gz
    [root@li1473-187 wwwroot]# mv wordpress testweb
    [root@li1473-187 wwwroot]# ls
    default  testweb  wordpress-4.7.2-zh_CN.tar.gz
    [root@li1473-187 wwwroot]#
    

    配置DNS解析

    LNMP默认网站配置文件:/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

    [root@li1473-187 ~]# cd /usr/local/nginx/conf
    [root@li1473-187 conf]# ls
    dabr.conf              enable-php-pathinfo.conf  mime.types           sablog.conf           vhost
    dedecms.conf           enable-ssl-example.conf   mime.types.default   scgi_params           win-utf
    discuz.conf            fastcgi.conf              nginx.conf           scgi_params.default   wordpress.conf
    discuzx.conf           fastcgi.conf.default      nginx.conf.default   shopex.conf           wp2.conf
    drupal.conf            fastcgi_params            none.conf            typecho2.conf
    ecshop.conf            fastcgi_params.default    pathinfo.conf        typecho.conf
    enable-php5.2.17.conf  koi-utf                   phpwind.conf         uwsgi_params
    enable-php.conf        koi-win                   proxy-pass-php.conf  uwsgi_params.default
    [root@li1473-187 conf]# cd vhost
    [root@li1473-187 vhost]# ls
    test.kokwind.net.conf
    [root@li1473-187 vhost]# nano test.kokwind.net.conf
    修改网站默认的路径
    server
     {
     listen 80;
     #listen [::]:80;
     server_name test.kokwind.net;
     index index.html index.htm index.php default.html default.htm default.php;
     root /home/wwwroot/testweb;
    
     include wordpress.conf;
     #error_page 404 /404.html;
     include enable-php.conf;
    
     location ~ .*\.(gif|jpg|jpeg|png|bmp|swf)$
     {
    

    重启nginx

    [root@li1473-187 ~]# /etc/init.d/nginx  reload
    Reload service nginx...  done
    [root@li1473-187 ~]#
    

    修改文件权限,避免写入配置文件时没权限的问题。

    [root@li1473-187 ~]# chown -R www /home/wwwroot/testweb/
    [root@li1473-187 ~]# chmod -R 777 /home/wwwroot/testweb/
    

    打开浏览器输入网址后可以看到wordpress的安装页面了

    如果出现翻译需要更新,但是我们点击 “更新翻译” 后,刷新页面又出现的情况,如下图

    [root@li1473-187 ~]# nano /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
    搜索scandir,删掉scandir字段,保存
     GNU nano 2.0.9 File: /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini Modified
    
    ; http://php.net/open-basedir
    ;open_basedir =
    
    ; This directive allows you to disable certain functions for security reasons.
    ; It receives a comma-delimited list of function names. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    ; http://php.net/disable-functions
    disable_functions = passthru,exec,system,chroot,scandir,chgrp,chown,shell_exec,proc_open,proc_get_status,popen,ini_alter,in$
    
    ; This directive allows you to disable certain classes for security reasons.
    ; It receives a comma-delimited list of class names. This directive is
    ; *NOT* affected by whether Safe Mode is turned On or Off.
    ; http://php.net/disable-classes
    disable_classes =
    
    ^G Get Help ^O WriteOut ^R Read File ^Y Prev Page ^K Cut Text ^C Cur Pos
    ^X Exit ^J Justify ^W Where Is ^V Next Page ^U UnCut Text ^T To Spell
    重启php,解决问题
    [root@li1473-187 ~]# /etc/init.d/php-fpm restart
    Gracefully shutting down php-fpm . done
    Starting php-fpm done
    [root@li1473-187 ~]#
    

    wordpress内嵌code高亮插件Pure-Highlightjs:下载

    安装

    进入 WordPress 后台管理页面,“插件 》安装插件 》上传插件”,上传刚才下载的 ZIP 文件,然后安装。或者解压安装包,上传到插件目录,/wp-content/plugins/。

    启用

    安装完毕后,在已经安装的插件里启用 “Pure Highlightjs”。可直接在可视化编辑界面点击“插入代码”按钮,然后选择代码类型,粘贴代码插入即可:


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